acid mine drainage from open cast coal mining pdf

acid mine drainage from open cast coal mining pdf

(PDF) Acid Mine Drainage (AMD): an environmental concern ...

The oxidation of iron sulfides in mine wastes is the main cause of acidic, sulfate, and trace element-rich acid mine drainage (AMD). However, the suite of reactions that transform iron from one ...

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Acid Mine Drainage

Acid Mine Drainage Environmental Notes on Mining, updated September 2009 Pyrite (FeS2) is commonly associated with coal and metal ore deposits. Its oxidation occurs spontaneously in nature, causing environmental problems like Acid Mine Drainage (AMD)

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acid mine drainage from open cast coal mining pdf

Taylor & Francis Online :: Factors that influence coal mine drainage... 27 Sep 2010 ... Article usage statistics combine cumulative total PDF downloads and full-text HTML ... Brunner Coal Measures acid mine drainage chemistry is influenced by mine type; open cast mines have Al- and trace element-rich acid mine ... These predictions have application to the mining industry for managing, ...

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(PDF) Acid Mine Drainage Control and Treatment

6.1.1 Acid Mine Drainage Formation. Acid mine drainage (AMD) forms when sulfide m inerals are exposed to oxidizing. conditions in coal and metal mining, highway construction, and other large-scale ...

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Technical Document: Acid Mine Drainage Prediction

Acid mine drainage from coal and mineral mining operations is a difficult and costly problem. In the eastern U.S., more than 7,000 kilometers of streams are affected by acid drainage from coal mines (Kim et al. 1982). In the western U.S., the Forest Service estimates that

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Download Acid-Mine-Drainage eBook PDF and Read Book Online ...

Apr 28, 2014 · GET THIS BOOK Phytoreclamation of Abandoned Acid Mine Drainage Site After Treatment with Fly Ash. Acid mine drainage and coal fly ash both are the sibling products from man's increasing demand for power. Mining of coal from coal mines generates acid mine drainage (AMD), and burning of coal for thermal power generation produces fly ash (FA).

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Long-Term Remediation of Acid Mine Drainage from

However, an old mine plan obtained from a local mining company shows mining activities in a portion of land to the east of the main discharge point, using both underground and open-cast methods (Figure 1). In terms of hydrology, the site is situated in the Komati–Crocodile catchment area. The acid mine water discharges into the

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acid mine drainage from open cast coal mining pdf

Taylor & Francis Online :: Factors that influence coal mine drainage... 27 Sep 2010 ... Article usage statistics combine cumulative total PDF downloads and full-text HTML ... Brunner Coal Measures acid mine drainage chemistry is influenced by mine type; open cast mines have Al- and trace element-rich acid mine ... These predictions have application to the mining industry for managing, ...

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Coal mining methodsCoal mining methods

Coal mining methodsCoal mining methods ... Open cut/surface mining:Open cut/surface mining: 40% of total produced coal (WCI40% of total produced coal (WCI) ... Acid mine drainage (AMD)Acid mine drainage (AMD) Acid drainage is low pH water with dissolved metals and sulphate that drains from pyrite-rich rocks that have been exposed to oxidation.

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Coal Mining Detailed Study - 2008

appendix b: draft acid mine drainage treatment cost module: chemical precipitation using caustic soda . appendix c: draft acid mine drainage treatment cost module: chemical precipitation using caustic soda . appendix d: draft acid mine drainage treatment cost module: limestone bed . appendix e: acid mine drainage treatment cost module results

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The Social and Environmental Consequences of Coal Mining ...

Open cast mining removes large volumes of soil and rock overburden to get to the workable coal seams, and destroys regional aquifers. Mining produces large mountains of solid waste. Coal heaps are prone to spontaneous combustion. Leachate from waste heaps are often acidic, adding to the general and large scale acid mine drainage impact and ...

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Effects of Acid Mine Drainage of Coal Mines on Some ...

Jan 23, 2017 · The present study aim to evaluate effect of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) of coal mine effluent water on certain haematological parameters viz., Total erythrocyte count (TEC), Haemoglobin (Hb), Oxygen Carrying Capacity (OCC), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin (MCH), Mean Cell Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), Differential

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Mine Drainage: Research and Development

microbial community in a cold acid mine drainage (6.5°C, pH 2.65) at the Sherlovaya Gora polymetallic open-cast mine (Transbaikal region, Eastern Siberia, Russia) (Kadnikov et al., 2016a). It was found most of microorganisms belonged to a single uncultured lineage representing a new species of the Betaproteobacteria genus Gallionella.

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Construction of Dry Cover System for Prevention of Acid ...

Feb 16, 2016 · The negative impacts on the nature of coal development by open cast mining have been reported with expansion of coal production recently in Indonesia. Acid Mine Drainage (AMD), which is a serious environmental problem, is attributable to the contact of sulfide minerals with water and oxygen in excavation activities in mining.

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Abandoned mines and the water environment

Figure 2.3 Proportions of diffuse and ‘point’ mining-related pollution around the Cwm Rheidol mine, near Aberystwyth, Wales 5 Figure 2.4 Eroded tailings at a Cornish tin mine 6 Figure 3.1 Minewater treatment plants and priority coal mine discharges in Britain 9 Figure 3.2 Minewater treatment in a reedbed 10

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GIS Best Practices for Mining - Esri

GIS for Mining 3 British Columbia Administers Mining Titles Online 4 Mining Gold in Montana With GIS and Underground 9 Modeling Stockton-on-Tees, United Kingdom, Identifi es and 15 Remediates Potentially Contaminated Land With GIS Prioritizing Acid Mine Drainage Stream Remediation 21 In Maryland, Abandoned Coal Mine Stabilization Is Made 25

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Minerals | Free Full-Text | A Fundamental Economic ...

Nov 22, 2021 · In recent years, acid mine drainage (AMD) has emerged as a promising unconventional source of rare earth elements (REEs) and other critical minerals (CMs) such as cobalt and manganese. In this regard, AMD provides a natural heap leaching effect that extracts and concentrates REE/CM from the host strata creating a partially enriched feedstock suitable for downstream extraction, separation, and ...

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Life cycle assessment analysis of active and passive acid ...

May 01, 2014 · Acid mine drainage (AMD), resulting from open-cast coal mining, is currently one of the largest environmental challenges facing the mining industry. In this study, a life cycle assessment (LCA) was conducted to evaluate the environmental impacts associated with the construction, operation and maintenance of different AMD treatment options ...

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Effects Of Mining on the Environment and Human Health

Coal Mine Fires (Image Courtesy: https://commons.wikimedia.org) Acid mine drainage. Acid mine drainage is created when water mixes with coal and other rocks unearthed during mining, taking on toxic levels of minerals and heavy metals. This toxic water leaks out of abandoned mines to contaminate groundwater, streams, soil, plants, animals and ...

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ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF MINING IN

towards remediation of polluted mine sites. Desorption results showed that the adsorbent could be reusable. Keywords. Biosorbent, Penicillium simplicissimum, heavy metals, wastewaters, acid mine drainage, chemisorption 1 Introduction Wastes generated by the mining industry contain high concentrations of metals and metalloids which can be

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3.1 An introduction to acid mine drainage

An introduction to acid mine drainage . Iron pyrite, FeS2, also known as 'fool's gold', is the most important source of ... The effects and consequences of acid drainage from open pit mines have ... Spoil piles are wastes generated by coal strip mining in order to gain access to

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PREDICTION AND CONTROL OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE,

The Surface mining control and reclamation act of 1977 does not specifically distinguish mine spoil and coal cleaning plant refuse. Refuse is produced in a ratio of about 0.20 to 0.40:1 ton of clean coal. Mine spoil, on the other hand, results from surface mining operations and consists of cast overburden rock.

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THE DESCRIPTION OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROCESSES IN

Physico-chemical processes in coal mine spoils vi 7 Case study – Geochemical modelling of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD) from a rehabilitated open-cast colliery 7-1 7.1 Introduction 7-1 7.1.1 Objectives 7-2 7.1.2 Methodology 7-3

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Sources of Coal-Mine Drainage and Their Effects on Surface ...

The process of acid formation in coal-mine drainage 7 Identification of sources of mine-related drainage 8 Underground mines 9 Flow system 10 Hydrochemistry 10 Coal wastes 12 Flow system 12 Hydrochemistry 12 Spoil and impoundments associated with surface mining 13 Flow system 13 Hydrochemistry 17

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Influence of open cast mining on the soil properties of ...

Thus, open cast mining altered the soil properties, making nutrient deficient, highly acidic and increased heavy metal toxicity. II. Index TermsOpen cast coal mining,- acid mine drainage (AMD), soil nutrient deficiency andheavy metal. I. INTRODUCTION. oil is an important and vitalizing component of ecosystem

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Factors that influence coal mine drainage chemistry West ...

Acid mine drainage forming reactions that release trace elements andAl proceed more rapidly and completely at open cast mines where mine waste has a higher reactive surface area compared to waste rock at underground mines. Brunner coal mine drainage chemistry is also influenced by hydrogeology where flooded underground mines release less

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Mine Drainage: Research and Development

microbial community in a cold acid mine drainage (6.5°C, pH 2.65) at the Sherlovaya Gora polymetallic open-cast mine (Transbaikal region, Eastern Siberia, Russia) (Kadnikov et al., 2016a). It was found most of microorganisms belonged to a single uncultured lineage representing a new species of the Betaproteobacteria genus Gallionella.

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Stockton revisited: The mine and the regulatory minefield

2.3 Mining coal at Stockton 16 2.4 Trends in the amount of coal removed 17 2.5 Acid mine drainage 18 3 Environmental management and processes 19 3.1 Solid Energy’s environmental management solution 19 3.2 Community liaison 21 3.3 Compliance monitoring and

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Mine Water Treatment Solutions for Discharge and Re-Use

applications include mine drainage water from underground mines, intrusion water in open pit mines and excess water from tailing storage facilities. The illustrated references confirm the existence of robust, reliable, and economical technologies that ensure that, even under varying ... especially in coal mining or tailing effluents.

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ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACTS OF MINING IN

towards remediation of polluted mine sites. Desorption results showed that the adsorbent could be reusable. Keywords. Biosorbent, Penicillium simplicissimum, heavy metals, wastewaters, acid mine drainage, chemisorption 1 Introduction Wastes generated by the mining industry contain high concentrations of metals and metalloids which can be

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Control of acid drainage from coal refuse using anionic ...

Control of acid drainage from coal refuse using anionic surfactants 1984. By Kleinmann, Robert L. P. ... "To control the formation of acid drainage at its source, the Bureau of Mines has investigated the role of iron-oxidizing bacteria in the oxidation of pyrite. ... [PDF - 737.93 KB] File Type: [PDF - 737.93 KB] Laser tracking and tram control ...

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Comparison of social costs of underground and open-cast ...

Mining can change the quantity of surface and underground water and affect its quality. Acid mine drainage (AMD) or acid rock drainage (ARD) can be generated by discard dumps including those rehabilitated. The outflow of acidic water can happen 5 to 20

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Bioremediation of Acid Mine Drainage Using Sulfate ...

Bioremediation of Acid Mine Drainage Using Sulfate-Reducing Bacteria 1. PURPOSE This innovative technology report provides an overview of innovative acid mine drainage treatment technologies that employ sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). Through a synthesis of research and case studies of SRB treatment at coal and hardrock mine sites, it will present

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Minerals | Free Full-Text | A Fundamental Economic ...

Nov 22, 2021 · In recent years, acid mine drainage (AMD) has emerged as a promising unconventional source of rare earth elements (REEs) and other critical minerals (CMs) such as cobalt and manganese. In this regard, AMD provides a natural heap leaching effect that extracts and concentrates REE/CM from the host strata creating a partially enriched feedstock suitable for downstream extraction, separation, and ...

Read More